PBL- Essentials & Support

Problem-based learning (PBL) is a student-centered pedagogy in which students learn about a subject through the experience of solving an open-ended problem found in trigger material. The PBL process does not focus on problem- solving  with a defined solution, but it allows for the development of other desirable skills and attributes. This includes knowledge acquisition, enhanced group collaboration and communication. The PBL process was developed for medical education and has since been broadened in applications for other programs of learning. The process allows for learners to develop skills used for their future practice. It enhances critical appraisal, literature retrieval and encourages ongoing learning in a team environment.

The PBL tutorial process involves working in small groups of learners. Each student takes on a role within the group that may be formal or informal and the role often rotates. It is focused on the student’s reflection and reasoning  to construct their own learning. The Maastricht seven-jump process involves clarifying terms, defining problem(s), brainstorming, structuring and hypothesis, learning objectives, independent study and synthesis. In short, it is identifying what they already know, what they need to know, and how and where to access new information that may lead to the resolution of the problem. The role of the tutor is to facilitate learning by supporting, guiding, and monitoring the learning process. The tutor must build students’ confidence to take on the problem, and encourage the students, while also stretching their understanding. This process is based on constructivism. PBL represents a paradigm shift from traditional teaching and learning philosophy,  which is more often lecture-based. The constructs for teaching PBL are very different from traditional classroom or lecture teaching and often requires more preparation time and resources to support small group learning.

PBL TEMPLATE>>    PBLtemplate-V-1

ARTICLE- EL-Larmer & Mergendoller– Seven-Essentials-for-Project-Based-Learning.pdf

Template SEVEN ESSENTIALS FOR PBLsTEMPLATE

Buck Institute – Why Project Based Learning

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CORNERSTONE SKILLS EXAMPLES

  • Analyze
  • Infer
  • Compare & Contrast
  • Justify
  • Evaluate
  • Create
  • Synthesize
  • Summarize
  • Cause & Effect

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Depth   Of   Knowledge Levels

  • DOK 1:  Recall–Remember their developmental level
  • DOK 2:  Multiple steps, one answer, cognitive decision
  • DOK 3: Justify, some collaboration, abstract, real world, interdisciplinary, more than one answer, multiple approaches

 

  • DOK 4:
    • Performance tasks are Key in the higher order DOK 3-4
    • DOK 4 is “real world application”  (application is a skill)
    • The nature of a DOK 4 activity calls for a PBL  -project based learning
    • Take more time
    • Rubric
    • Product is important and different
    • Teacher is facilitator…roles change as the student does the work
    • Collaboration
    • Students make decisions
    • Students do research
    • Challenge the kids
    • Problem solving
    • Higher order thinking –HOT
    • Discovery & Inquiry
    • Student does the work and they discovery through inquiry
    • Cross disciplines
    • Greater student autonomy…not cookie cutter
    • They are not led, as they come to their own conclusions.
    • Curve ball….. Throw on a “what if”, make it real world, this changes directions in thought…This is big, as it shifts the PBL to make them

Do not confine a student’s way to show mastery

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PBL Support LINKS

 


 DOK SUPPORT 

descrip_social_studies

arts DOK

math sci dok

read write DOK

Intermediate_math_Toolkit_2

Science_DOK_Levels_Defin_and_examples_06-22-05_249868_7

CCA_DOK_SUPPORT_808_Science

Webbs Depth of Knowledge Guide

CCA_DOK_SUPPORT_808_Mathematics

SoE Mtng PwrPt 10.19.12 (Finco)

 

 

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Grouping Ideas

Cooperative+Grouping+Strategies.pdf

cooperative-learning-grouping.

https://uncw.edu/jet/articles/Vol11_2/Burke.pdf

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Matrix tools:

DOWNLOAD….

TEMPLATE:  Mastery Matrix 2.0 DOK 1-4

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OLD MATRIX TEMPLATE >>DOK 1-3 only > matrix-template 
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fcs-unwrapping-standards
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Depth Of Knowledge LevelsCornerstone skills 2013-14Fayette County FYS-Session 1 

 

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Solar Eclipse Resources

Eclipse Teaching Resources:

Across the Curriculum

EclipseAcrossCurriculum

http://www.discoveryeducation.com/DiscoveryNow/greatamericaneclipse.cfm

SOCIAL STUDIES

George Washington & the Solar Eclipse-

https://wvsocialstudies.com/2017/08/16/george-washington-the-eclipse

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/what-folklore-tells-us-about-eclipses-180964488/

http://www.history.com/news/historic-eclipses

ELA


Novels- Eclipse

(non-vetted)

Annie Dillard’s Classic Essay: ‘Total Eclipse’:

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/08/annie-dillards-total-eclipse/536148/

MATH

https://eclipse2017.nasa.gov/math-challenges

http://www.quickanddirtytips.com/education/math/the-math-of-a-solar-eclipse

https://www.eso.org/public/outreach/eduoff/aol/market/collaboration/soleclipse/solecl-2d.html

SCIENCE

https://eclipse2017.nasa.gov/science

https://www.brainpop.com/science/space/eclipse/

https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2017/7/25/16019892/solar-eclipse-2017-interactive-map

https://www.sciencechannel.com/tv-shows/great-american-eclipse/about

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From Terry George

 

The Great American Solar Eclipse- Partial Eclipse in WV

 

The Great American Solar Eclipse will be a total eclipse for some during its coast to coast path across the United States on Monday, August 21, 2017.   In West Virginia, about 90% of the sun will be covered- a greater percentage will be covered in the southern parts of the state, less in the northern parts.  The eclipse will begin in Huntington at about 1:01 p.pm, but will not begin in the eastern panhandle until about 1:10 p.m.  Visit the Time and Date website and type the name of your town or a town near you to get more specific information about when the eclipse will occur in your area.  The site also includes an animation of what to expect and when to expect the various phases of the eclipse.   Additionally, WVU has compiled a list of resources on a website to assist educators in preparing for and teaching about eclipses, see The Great American Solar Eclipse.

 

IMPORTANT SAFETY MESSAGE- The human eye is very sensitive, and exposure to direct sunlight can damage the eye.  Never are we more tempted to look directly at the sun than during a solar eclipse.  Students should be cautioned about looking directly at the sun; fortunately, there are several options for viewing a solar eclipse safely.   Visit the NASA How to View the 2017 Solar Eclipse Safely site for details.  Links to safety videos are also included on the WVU Great American Solar Eclipse web site as well